Sydney University Department of Medical Entomology Westmead Hospital
Professor Richard C. Russell
Qualifications: BSc., MSc, PhD (Syd. Uni).
Position: Director, Dept. Medical Entomology
E-mail: rrussell@mail.usyd.edu.au
Phone: + 61 2 9845 7279

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Experience

Richard Russell is a Professor with the Department of Medicine of the University of Sydney, and is founding Director of the Department of Medical Entomology. He was previously with the School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine at the University of Sydney from 1970 until its closure in 1987, whereupon he established the Department of Medical Entomology at Westmead.

Richard has worked as a Medical Entomologist, in public health and tropical health, for more than 25 years, and has a broad experience with insects and other arthropods of medical importance. His specialties are mosquito biology, mosquito-borne disease (particularly arboviruses) and mosquito control.

He has worked as a consultant in mosquito-borne disease and mosquito control in all states of Australia and in 12 countries in Asia, the Pacific and South America - principally for the World Health Organization. He has provided instruction on the principles and practice of mosquito population management and vector-borne disease control, to personnel associated with mosquito pest and vector control programs for international authorities in many countries, and for federal and state government and local authorities in all states and territories of Australia. He has been responsible for the New South Wales state-wide arbovirus/vector surveillance program since its inception in 1984. 

He also has an interest and expertise in wetlands (natural and constructed) and their mosquito production, and is currently consultant to the Olympic Co-ordination Authority and the NSW Department of Land & Water Conservation for their wetland remediations and constructions; he also works as a wetlands consultant for numerous government, industry and private concerns.

In his professional capacity, he has travelled widely on all continents, visiting universities, research institutes and field control programs. He is a member of several national and international professional societies, and is currently the Australian delegate to the Board of Trustees of the International Federation for Tropical Medicine.

He has published more than 100 scientific papers on mosquitoes and related topics, and presented more than 60 papers at scientific conferences in Australia and many countries internationally. He is the author of the monographs "Mosquitoes and Mosquito-borne Disease in Southeastern Australia", and "A Colour Photo Atlas of Mosquitoes of Southeastern Australia", and is co-author of the 12 volume monograph series "The Culicidae (Mosquitoes) of the Australasian Region".

 

Publications (since 1990)

BOOKS

RUSSELL, R.C. (1996). A Colour Photo Atlas of Mosquitoes of Southeastern Australia. Published by the Department of Medical Entomology, Westmead Hospital and the University of Sydney. 194pp.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1993). Mosquitoes and Mosquito-Borne Disease in Southeastern Australia. Revised edition. Published by the Department of Medical Entomology, Westmead Hospital. xii + 310pp.

 

RESEARCH ARTICLES

RUSSELL, R.C. (1998). Arboviruses in Australia - the current scene and implications of climate change for human health. International Journal for Parasitology, 28: 955-969.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1998). Vectors vs Humans in Australia - Who is on top down under? (An update on vector-borne disease and research on vector in Australia). Journal of Vector Ecology 23 : 1-46.

RUSSELL, R.C. and Kuginis, L. (1998). ‘Mosquito risk assessment and management.’ Pp 181-191 in: ‘The Constructed Wetlands Manual’. Department of Land and Water Conservation, Sydney. Orbital Offset Press. 424pp.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1998). Constructed wetlands and mosquitoes: health hazards and management options - an Australian perspective. Ecological Engineering (in press).

Gislason, G.M. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1997) Oviposition sites of the saltmarsh mosquito Aedes vigilax (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae) at Homebush Bay, Sydney, NSW - a preliminary investigation. Australian Journal of Entomology, 36: 97-100.

Grattan-Smith, P.J., Morris, J.G., Johnston, H.M., Yiannikas, Y., Malik, R., RUSSELL, R.C. and Ouvrier, R.A. (1997). Clinical and neurophysiological features of tick paralysis. Brain, 120: (in press).

Hueston, L., Yund, A., Cope, S., Monteville, M., Marchetti, M., Haniotis, J., Clancy, J., Doggett, S., RUSSELL, R., Dwyer, D. and Parker, G. (1997). Ross River virus in a joint military exercise. Communicable Diseases Intelligence, 21: 193.

Doggett, S., RUSSELL, R., Cloonan, M., Clancy, J. and Haniotis, J. (1996). Surveillance for arboviruses in mosquitoes in New South Wales, Australia, 1995-96. Arthropod-Borne Virus Information Exchange, June 1996: 31-32.

RUSSELL, R.C. and Brust, R.A. (1996). Snow-melt alpine mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in New South Wales. Australian Journal of Entomology, 35: 113-114.

RUSSELL, R.C. and Geary, M.J. (1996). The influence of microfilarial density of dog heartworm Dirofilaria immitis on infection rate and survival of Aedes notoscriptus and Culex annulirostris from Australia. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 10: 29-34.

Doggett, S., RUSSELL, R., Cloonan, M., Clancy, J. and Haniotis, J. (1995). Arbovirus and mosquito activity on the south coast of New South Wales, 1994-95. Communicable Diseases Intelligence, 19: 473-475.

Doggett, S., RUSSELL, R., Cloonan, M., Clancy, J. and Haniotis, J. (1995). Arbovirus and mosquito activity on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia 1994/95. Arthropod-Borne Virus Information Exchange, December 1995: 29-32.

Doggett, S., RUSSELL, R., Lawrence, R. and Dickeson, D. (1995). Lyme disease. Inoculum, 4: 1-4.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1995). ?Lyme disease in Australia - still to be proven! Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1: 29-31.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1995). Arboviruses and their vectors in Australia: an update on the ecology and epidemiology of some mosquito-borne arboviruses. Review of Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 83: 141-158.

RUSSELL, R., Cloonan, M., Doggett, S., Clancy, J., Haniotis, J., Wells, P. and Fennell, M. (1995). Surveillance for arboviruses in mosquitoes in New South Wales, Australia, 1991/92-1994/95. Arthropod-Borne Virus Information Exchange, June 1995: 33-36.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1994). Ross River virus: disease trends and vector ecology in Australia. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology, 19: 73-81.

RUSSELL, R.C., Doggett, S.L., Munro, R., Ellis, J., Avery, D., Hunt, C., and Dickeson, D. (1994). Lyme disease: A search for a causative agent in ticks in southeastern Australia. Epidemiology and Infection, 112: 375-384.

Wells, P.J., Cloonan, M.J. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1994). A pump system for collecting mosquito larvae from shallow ground pools (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 33: 16.

Wells, P.J., RUSSELL, R.C., Cloonan, M.J., Hueston, L. and Geary, M.J. (1994). Virus infection and vector competence of Aedes alternans (Westwood) (Diptera: Culicidae) for Ross River virus. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 33: 373-375.

Wells, P.J., Vale, T.G., RUSSELL, R.C. and Cloonan, M.J. (1994). Comparison of a pledget technique with other methods for bloodfeeding mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) for virus studies. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 33: 211-212.

Mackenzie, J.S. et al. (including RUSSELL, R.C.) (1993). Diagnosis and reporting of arbovirus infections in Australia. Communicable Diseases Intelligence, 17 (10): 202-206.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1993). Vector-borne diseases and their control. in B.P.Mulhall and G.V.Brown (Editors), 'Tropical Health'. Medical Journal of Australia, 158: 681-690.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1993). The search for Lyme borrelia in Australia. Chinese Journal of Pest Control, 9: 242-247.

RUSSELL, R.C., Doggett, S.L. and Munro, R. (1993). Tick ecology and the search for a possible Lyme disease spirochaete in southeastern Australia. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology, 18: 77-84.

Scholz, A., RUSSELL R. and Geary, M. (1993). Investigation of caterpillar dermatitis in school children. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 4 (6): 65-66.

Linley, J.R., Geary, M.J. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1992). The eggs of Aedes vigilax and Aedes vittiger (Diptera: Culicidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 94 : 48-58.

Linley, J.R., Geary, M.J. and RUSSELL R.C. (1992). The eggs of Aedes australis and Aedes camptorhynchus (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 24: 29-39.

RUSSELL, R.C. and Geary, M.J. (1992). The susceptibility of the mosquitoes Aedes notoscriptus and Culex annulirostris to infection with dog heartworm Dirofilaria immitis and their vector efficiency. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 6: 154-58.

RUSSELL, R.C., Vale, T.G., Wells, P.J. and Cloonan, M.J. (1992). Monthly periodicity and abundance of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) near Batemans Bay on the south coast of New South Wales, 1985-1988. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 31: 281-88.

Linley, J.R., Geary, M.J. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). The eggs of Aedes funereus, Aedes notoscriptus and Aedes alternans (Diptera: Culicidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 93: 592-612.

Linley, J.R., Geary, M.J. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). The eggs of Aedes (Finlaya) alboannulatus and Aedes (Finlaya) rubrithorax (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 23: 132-143.

Linley, J.R., Geary, M.J. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). Fine structure of the eggs of Aedes (Ochlerotatus) theobaldi, Ae. (Och.) sagax and Ae. (Och.) procax (Diptera: Culicidae). Mosquito Systematics, 23: 144-59.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). Arbovirus surveillance, New South Wales, 1989-91. Communicable Diseases Intelligence, 15 (14): 229-32.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). Arbovirus surveillance in N.S.W., Australia, 1989-91. Arthropod-Borne Virus Information Exchange, December 1991: 40-44.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). Scrub itch - bites in the bush. National Parks Journal, 35 (4): 16- 17.

RUSSELL, R.C., Cloonan, M.J., Wells, P.J. and Vale, T.G. (1991). Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) and arbovirus activity on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia, in 1985-1988. Journal of Medical Entomology, 28: 796-804.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1990). The relative importance of various mosquitoes for the transmission and control of dog heartworm in south-eastern Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal, 67: 191-192.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1990). Salt-marsh mosquitoes on the south coast of N.S.W. Bulletin of the Mosquito Control Association of Australia, 2: 6-11.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1990). Arbovirus/vector monitoring in N.S.W., Australia; 1988/89, 1989/90. Arthropod-Borne Virus Information Exchange, December 1990: 41-42.

PUBLISHED CONFERENCE PAPERS

Clancy, J.G. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1997). The "other" mosquitoes of New South Wales. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 41-46.

Doggett, S.L., Koevski, I., Haniotis, J. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1997). "MOSAVEX": a mechanical device to grind mosquitoes for arbovirus detection. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 75-78.

Doggett, S.L. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1997). Aedes notoscriptus can transmit inland and coastal isolates of Ross River and Barmah Forest virus from NSW! Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 79-81.

Haniotis, J., Doggett, S.L., Cloonan, M.J. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1997). A quality control procedure for a fixed-cell ELISA. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 88-91.

RUSSELL, R.C., Cloonan, M.J., Doggett, S.L., Clancy, J., Haniotis, J., Wells, P., Fennell, M., Cunningham, A., Hueston, L. and Marchetti, M. (1997). Surveillance of arboviruses and vectors in NSW, 1993-1996. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 228-234.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1997). Coastal development: Constructed wetlands and mosquito management. 7th Annual New South Wales Coastal Conference, Ballina, N.S.W., 12-14th November 1997: 144-151.

RUSSELL, R.C., Doggett, S.L., Clancy, J., Haniotis, J. and Cloonan, M.J. (1997). Mosquitoes and Barmah Forest virus: the 1995 epidemic in NSW. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 235-239.

RUSSELL, R.C. and Geary, M.J. (1997). Which mosquitoes are the "best" vectors of dog heartworm? Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 243-246.

Webb, C. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1997). Investigation of the mosquito fauna and larval habitats of the saline wetlands at the Olympic site, Homebush Bay, Sydney. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 308-310.

Wells, P., Mikunda, A., Doggett, S.L., Cloonan, M.J., RUSSELL, R.C., Weir, R.C., Marshall, I.D. and Dalgarno, L. (1997). Studies of the infectivity of selected strains of Ross River virus in Aedes vigilax and Culex annulirostris mosquitoes collected at coastal and inland sites of New South Wales. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 322-325.

Willems, K. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1997). Freshwater mosquito control for the 2000 Olympics. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 7: 357-358.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1996). Mosquitoes and wastewater wetlands - enhancing natural cycles of zoonotic diseases? Pp 68-80 in Workshop on "Wetland Systems for Wastewater Treatment", 25 September 1996, Murdoch University, Perth, WA.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1995). Artificial wetlands and the mosquito/disease threat in southeastern Australia. in B.H.Kay (Ed.) Water resources: health, environment and development. Proceedings of conference, 26-28 April 1995, Townsville, Qld.

RUSSELL, R.C. and DOGGETT, S.L. (1995). Ticks and human disease in Australia - an update. in L.B.Coons (Ed.) Proceedings Second International Conference on Tick-borne Pathogens at the Host-Vector Interface, 28 August - 1 Sept, 1995, Kruger National Park, South Africa

RUSSELL, R.C. and Kuginis, L. (1995). Constructed wetlands and mosquitoes - some problems and some solutions. Pp 213-224 in Proceedings of the National Conference on 'Wetlands For Water Quality Control'. 25-29 September 1995, Townsville, Qld.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1994). Ross River virus - disease trends and vector ecology in Australia. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology. 19: 73-81. Proceedings of the First International Congress of Vector Ecology, 2-8 October 1993, San Diego, U.S.A.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1994). Wetlands and mosquitoes - the pest and disease threats. Pp 45-51 in "Practical Aspects of Constructed Wetlands", Proceedings of a Workshop at Shortland Wetland Centre, Newcastle West. N.S.W. Department of Water Resources, June 1994, Newcastle, Australia.

RUSSELL, R.C., Doggett, S.L., Munro, R., Dickeson, D.J., Ellis, J., Avery, D. and Hunt, C. (1994). Lyme disease in Australia - reasonable doubt? Pp 212-215. in R.Cevenini, V.Sambri and M.LaPlaca (Eds). Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Lyme Borreliosis, 19-22 June 1994, Bologna, Italy.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1993). The search for Lyme borrelia in Australia. Chinese Journal of Pest Control. 9: 242-247. Proceedings of the International Vector Ecology Conference, 14 July 1992, Hainan, China.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1993). Requirements and problems for control of some arthropod pests of medical importance in urban Australia. Pp 113-116 in Proceedings International Conference on Insect Pests in the Urban Environment, 30 June - 3rd July 1993, Cambridge, U.K.

RUSSELL, R.C., Doggett, S.L. and Munro, R. (1993). Tick ecology and the search for a possible Lyme disease spirochaete in southeastern Australia. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology. 18: 77-84. Proceedings of the VII European Meeting of the Society for Vector Ecology, 25-28 August 1992, Bologna, Italy.

Clancy, J.G. and RUSSELL, R.C. (1992). Further investigations into the influence of temperature on populations of Culex annulirostris Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae) in New South Wales. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 6: 5-10.

Doggett, S.L., RUSSELL, R.C., Munro, R., Dickeson, D., Ellis, J., Avery, D., Hunt, C., Simmons, J. and Trivett, N. (1992). Lyme disease - the search for the causative agent in southeastern Australia. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 6: 313-315.

Mackenzie, J.S., Broom, A.K., Calisher, C.H., Cloonan, M.J., Cunningham, A.L., Gibson, C.A., Hueston, L., Lindsay, M.D., Marshall, I.D., Phillips, D.A., RUSSELL, R.C., Sheridan, J., Smith, D.W., Smythe, L., Vitarana, T. and Worswick, D. (1992). Diagnosis and reporting of arbovirus infections in Australia. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 6: 89-93.

McManus, T.J., RUSSELL, R.C., Wells, P.J., Clancy, J.G., Fennell, M. and Cloonan, M.J. (1992). Further studies on the epidemiology and effects of Ross River virus in Tasmania. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 6: 68-72.

RUSSELL, R.C., Doggett, S., Dickeson, D., Hunt, C. and Munro R. (1992). Lyme disease and Australia - the current situation. Pp 265-79. in The Proceedings of the Australian Tropical Health and Nutrition Conference, 4-6 Nov 1991, Brisbane.

RUSSELL, R.C., Wells, P.J., Clancy, J.G., Naim, H.N., Marchetti, M., Fennell, M., Hueston, L., Cloonan, M.J., Hawkes, R.A. and Cunningham, A.L. (1992). The surveillance of arbovirus activity in N.S.W. 1989-1992. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 6: 76-80.

Wells, P.J., RUSSELL, R.C. and Cloonan, M.J. (1992). Investigating vector competence of Culex annulirostris and Aedes vigilax for Ross River virus and other alpha- and bunyaviruses. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 6: 10-14.

Wells, P.J., RUSSELL, R.C., Cloonan, M.J., Hueston, L. and Geary, M.J. (1992). Vector competence of Aedes alternans for Ross River virus. Arbovirus Research in Australia, 6: 320.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). Requirements and procedures for aircraft disinsection in the Asia-Pacific region. Pp 266-70, in Proceedings of the First Asia-Pacific Conference of Entomology, November 8-13 1989, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). Introduced vector borne diseases in the Pacific. in Micronesica Supplement 3 : 33-39. The Proceedings of the Pacific Science Association Scientific Committee for Entomology Workshop on Exotic Pests in the Pacific - Problems and Solutions'. May 31- June 1, 1990, Guam.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). Arbovirus activity in southeastern Australia. in Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology, 16 : 222-26. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the Society for Vector Ecology, 10-14 November, 1990, Mesa, Arizona, USA.

RUSSELL, R.C. (1991). The Lyme disease situation in Australia. in Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology, 16 : 227-29. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the Society for Vector Ecology, 10-14 November, 1990, Mesa, Arizona, USA.

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