Sydney University Department of Medical Entomology Westmead Hospital
Mosquitoes of Australia
Aedeomyia catasticta Ad. venustipes Aedes aculeatus Ae. alboannulatus Ae. albopictus
Ae. alternans Ae. australis Ae. bancroftianus Ae. biocellatus Ae. burpengaryensis
Ae. camptorhynchus Ae. dobrotworskyi Ae. eidsvoldensis Ae. flavifrons Ae. funereus
Ae. gahnicola Ae. imperfectus Ae. kochi Ae. lineatopennis Ae. mallochi
Ae. multiplex Ae. nivalis Ae. normanensis Ae. notoscriptus Ae. palmarum
Ae. procax Ae. purpureus Ae. ratcliffei Ae. rubrithorax Ae. rupestris
Ae. sagax Ae. scutellaris Ae. theobaldi Ae. tremulus Ae. turneri
Ae. vigilax Ae. vittiger Ae. wattensis Ae. sp. Marks' no. 51 Ae. sp. Marks’ no. 52
Anopheles amictus An. annulipes An. atratipes An. bancroftii An. farauti
An. hilli An. meraukensis An. novaguinensis An. pseudostigmaticus An. punctulatus
An. stigmaticus Coquillettidia linealis Cq. variegata Cq. xanthogaster Culex annulirostris
Cx. australicus Cx. bitaeniorhynchus Cx. cylindricus Cx. edwardsi Cx. fergusoni
Cx. globocoxitus Cx. halifaxii Cx. molestus Cx. orbostiensis Cx. palpalis
Cx. postspiraculosus Cx.pseudomelanoconia Cx. quinquefasciatus Cx. sitiens Cx. squamosus
Cx. sp. Marks’ no. 32 Culiseta antipodea Cs. inconspicua Cs. weindorferi Mansonia uniformis
Mimomyia elegans Toxorhynchites speciosus Tripteroides atripes Tp. magnesiana Tp. marksae
Tp. tasmaniensis Uranotaenia lateralis Ur. pygmaea    

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For more information on the species below consult the following texts:

Dobrotworsky, N.V. (1965). The Mosquitoes of Victoria. Melbourne University Press, London.

Lee et al. (1980-1989). The Culicidae of the Australasian Region. Vols 1-12. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Leihne, P.F.S. (1991). An atlas of the mosquitoes of Western Australia. Health Department of Western Australia.Western Australia.

Russell, R.C. (1996). A Colour Photo Atlas of Mosquitoes of Southeastern Australia. Department of Medical Entomology, Westmead Hospital and the University of Sydney. 194pp.

Russell, R.C. (1993). Mosquitoes and Mosquito-Borne Disease in Southeastern Australia. Revised edition. Department of Medical Entomology, Westmead Hospital. xii + 310pp.

 

The Mosquitoes

Aedeomyia catasticta: (northern NSW, NT, QLD, northern WA) a northern Australia species which breeds in permanent and semi-permanent swamps. Does not bite humans and thus is unlikely to be a vector.

Aedeomyia venustipes: (NSW, southeastern QLD, VIC) a southern species and an uncommon small mosquito, the larvae breed in permanent swamps and ground pools. Vector/pest status unknown. (Photo).

Aedes aegypti: (QLD) currently found only in Queensland, although previously present in NSW, NT and WA. The vector of dengue viruses and a major nuisance biter. see "Aedes aegypti" Fact sheet. (Photo).

Aedes aculeatus: (northern NSW, southern QLD) a rare species, only collected from coastal regions north of Port Stephens. Breeds in shallow depressions. Bites humans but vector status unknown. (Photo).

Aedes alboannulatus: (all states) a commonly collected mosquito, particularly early or late in the mosquito season. The larvae are found in bushland ground pools and creekline rockpools. Can be a pest in bushland areas, but not known to transmit arboviruses. (Photo).

Aedes albopictus: not yet established in Australia but has been introduced on a number of occasions to NT, WA, Qld and NSW. An important pest species in Asia and other areas of the world where it has become established (northern, central and southern America, and Africa and Europe). A secondary vector of dengue viruses. (Photo).

Aedes alternans: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, VIC, WA) see "Aedes alternans" Fact sheet. (Photo).

Aedes australis: (NSW, southern QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA) very common along coastal areas where it breeds in littoral rock pools (especially on sandstone) above the high tide mark. Rarely bites humans, except in eastern Tasmania where it is a significant pest. (Photo).

Aedes bancroftianus: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, VIC, WA) common mosquito in inland regions, and can be a nuisance after flooding or extensive rain. Several viruses including Ross River & Barmah Forest have been isolated from this mosquito, but it is not known if it can transmit virus to humans. (Photo).

Aedes biocellatus: (NSW, QLD) a mosquito that is only very rarely collected. Vector/pest status unknown.

Aedes burpengaryensis: (NSW, southern QLD) an uncommon mosquito collected in coastal regions. Vector/pest status unknown. Similar to Aedes imperfectus. (Photo).

Aedes camptorhynchus: (southern NSW, SA, southwest WA, VIC) see "Aedes camptorhynchus" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Aedes dobrotworskyi: (NSW, VIC) found in association with sword grass. Bites humans but no information is available on vector status.  Very similar in appearance to Aedes gahnicola and Aedes kochi. (Photo)

Aedes eidsvoldensis: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, WA, VIC) mainly collected in inland areas. Very similar in appearance to Aedes theobaldi. Several viruses including Ross River & Murray Valley Encephalitis have been isolated from this mosquito, but it is not known if it can transmit to humans.

Aedes flavifrons: (NSW, southern QLD, SA, TAS, VIC) a large and sometimes common mosquito that breeds in bushland groundpools and can be a nuisance biter. Ross River virus has been isolated from this species but it is not thought to be a major pest. (Photo).

Aedes funereus: (northern NSW, NT, QLD) breeds in brackish groundpools, often in areas associated with Aedes vigilax. Can be a serious pest biter in and close to mangroves but tends not to fly far from these areas. Ross River & Barmah Forest viruses have been isolated from this species. (Photo).

Aedes gahnicola: (NSW, QLD) a reasonably uncommon mosquito that breeds in leaf axils. Adults can be a pest near the breeding source. No information is known as to its ability to transmit arboviruses. Very similar in appearance to Aedes kochi.  (Photo)

Aedes imperfectus: (NSW, southern QLD, VIC) a fairly uncommon species which breed in grassy groundpools. Rarely a pest problem and not known to transmit arboviruses. Similar in appearance to Aedes burpengaryensis.

Aedes kochi: (NSW, NT, QLD) relatively uncommon mosquito that breeds in leaf axils. Adults can be a pest near the breeding source. No information is known on its ability to transmit arboviruses. Very similar to Aedes gahnicola. (Photo).

Aedes lineatopennis: (northern NSW, NT, QLD, northern WA) rarely collected and mainly from coastal areas. Breeds in transient, rainfilled grass pools. Known to be a vicious biter of humans but unlikely to be a serious vector in NSW since it is uncommon. (Photo).

Aedes mallochi: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, VIC) similar in appearance to Aedes notoscriptus (but does not have a white band around the proboscis). It is a tree hole breeder that has been recorded biting humans but its vector status is unknown. (Photo).

Aedes multiplex: (NSW, southern QLD, VIC) rarely collected in big numbers and thus not often a pest. Breeds in shaded groundpools. Vector status unknown. (Photo).

Aedes nivalis: (NSW, TAS, VIC) a cold-tolerant highlands mosquito; even found in the Mt Kosciuszko area. It will bite humans, but is not often a problem and is not known to be a vector. (Photo).

Aedes normanensis: (northern NSW, QLD, NT, northern WA) this is a common mosquito in drier areas of northern Australia where it can be a major pest after seasonal rains. Several viruses have been isolated from this species including Ross River, Barmah Forest and Murray Valley Encephalitis. Breeds in temporary groundpools. (Photo).

Aedes notoscriptus: (all states) see "Aedes notoscriptus" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Aedes palmarum: (NSW, QLD) often found breeding in fallen palm fronds. Known to bite humans, but usually only close to breeding sites. Vector status unknown. (Photo).

Aedes procax: (NSW, QLD, VIC) a common species in coastal regions and breeds in bushland groundpools. Can be a minor pest close to its breeding area, and Ross River & Barmah Forest viruses have been isolated from this species. Vector status unknown. (Photo).

Aedes purpureus: (northern NSW, NT, QLD, northern WA) a northern Australian tree-hole breeder . It bites humans but has no known vector status. (Photo).

Aedes ratcliffei: (WA) a mosquito of southwest WA. Larvae are found in freshwater swamps and temporary pools. Adults are active during spring months only. (Photo).

Aedes rubrithorax: (NSW, QLD, SA, TAS, WA, VIC) more common in coastal areas than the inland. It breeds in a variety of groundpools and creekline rockpools. Can be a pest in or near some bushland areas. Vector status unknown. (Photo).

Aedes rupestris: (NSW, QLD, TAS, VIC) breeds in rockpools in creeklines and rarely a pest problem. Vector status unknown. (Photo).

Aedes sagax: (NSW, QLD, SA, VIC, WA) a large mosquito from inland regions, and can be a major pest after flooding in summer and autumn. Ross River virus has been isolated from the species; it has been shown to be capable of carrying Murray Valley Encephalitis virus in the laboratory, although its vector status in the field is unknown. (Photo).

Aedes scutellaris: (QLD) a container breeding mosquito from far northern Queensland (Torres Strait islands and Cape York). Very similar in appearance to Aedes albopictus and Aedes katherinensis. (Photo).

Aedes theobaldi:(NSW, QLD, SA, VIC) see "Aedes theobaldi" fact sheet. (Photo).

Aedes tremulus: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, VIC, northern WA) a small species that breeds in treeholes (and artificial containers). Ross River, Kunjin & Murray Valley Encephalitis viruses have been isolated from the mosquito. (Photo).

Aedes turneri: (WA) found only in southwest WA. Adults bite humans during spring months, but little is known of the larval habitats or other biology. (Photo).

Aedes vigilax: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, WA) see "Aedes vigilax" fact sheet. (Photo).

Aedes vittiger: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, VIC) see "Aedes vittiger" fact sheet. (Photo).

Aedes wattensis: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, VIC) an uncommon very small, stoutly built mosquito from inland areas. Little is known about its ecology but it probably is a tree-hole breeder. It will bite humans, but is not a significant pest and its vector status is unknown. (Photo).

Aedes sp. Marks’ no. 51: (NSW, QLD) is similar to Aedes procax and is also collected along coastal regions. Little is known about its ecology. Vector/pest status also unknown.

Aedes
sp. Marks’ no. 52
: (NSW, QLD) collected occasionally from coastal locations. Has been found breeding in semi-permanent ground pools. Adults are known to bite humans, but it is unlikely to be a significant vector.

Anopheles amictus: (NSW, NT, QLD, northern WA) the larvae breed in a variety of groundpools. Several arbovirus including Ross River has been isolated from this species in northern Queensland, and it is a suspect malaria vector. Similar in appearance to Anopheles hilli (Photo).

Anopheles annulipes: (all states) see "Anopheles annulipes" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Anopheles atratipes: (NSW, QLD, SA, TAS, southwest WA) collected in coastal regions and occasionally bites humans near the larval habitat of ground pools. Vector status unknown. (Photo).

Anopheles bancroftii: (northern NSW, NT, QLD, northern WA) an extremely dark mosquito in appearance, and collected only from northern Australia. It breeds in shaded, heavily vegetated permanent water. Bites humans and is a suspected vector of malaria. (Photo).

Anopheles farauti: (NT, QLD, northern WA) this 'species' is actually a complex of different but morphologically indistinguishable species (known as 'sibling' species) with Anopheles punctulatus. The group is widely distributed across northern Australia and is a major vector of malaria in Papua New Guinea, but the relative efficiency of the different sibling species in Australia is unknown. The species breeds in semi-permanent ground pools, but also occasionally containers. (Photo).

Anopheles hilli: (NT, QLD, northern WA) a species which tends to breed in brackish water and is found in coastal northern Australia. A short lived mosquito that probably plays no role in the transmission of disease but will bite humans. Very similar in appearance to Anopheles amictus. (Photo).

Anopheles meraukensis: (NT, QLD, northern WA) found across northern Australia and breeds in a variety of ground pools and grassy swamp margins. Readily bites humans, and although several arboviruses have been isolated from this species, its vector status is unknown (Photo).

Anopheles novaguinensis: (NT, QLD, northern WA) breeds in small ground pools. Readily bites humans but vector status is unknown. (Photo).

Anopheles pseudostigmaticus: (NSW, QLD, VIC) found in eastern Australia in low altitudes up to 1,000m. Breeds in swamp edges and clear groundpools. Appears not to bite people, and vector status is unknown. (Photo).

Anopheles punctulatus: found in Papua New Guinea but is not recorded from mainland Australia. With Anopheles farauti, it is part of a species complex. Breeds in temporary ground pools formed by rain. Vicious biter of humans and is a major malaria vector. (Photo).

Anopheles stigmaticus: (northern NSW, QLD) similar in appearance to Anopheles pseudostigmaticus and collected from upland coastal areas. Adults are not attracted to humans and vector status is unknown.

Coquillettidia linealis: (NSW, QLD, SA, VIC) see "Coquillettidia linealis" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Coquillettidia variegata: (NSW, QLD, VIC) occasionally collected in coastal areas. Vector/pest status is unknown. (Photo).

Coquillettidia xanthogaster: (northern NSW, NT, QLD, WA) a very distinctive mosquito of orange appearance. Larvae breed in swamps, lagoons and creeks. This species is a major pest in many parts of northern Australia. Susceptible to Ross River infection in the laboratory although vector status is unknown. (Photo).

Culex annulirostris: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, VIC, WA) see "Culex annulirostris" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Culex australicus: (all states) see "Culex australicus" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Culex bitaeniorhynchus: (NSW, NT, QLD, WA) similar to Culex annulirostris and Culex sitiens, but Culex bitaeniorhychus has apical bands on the tergites. Despite Murray Valley Encephalitis having been isolated from this species in northern Australia, it is probably not an important vector. (Photo).

Culex cylindricus: (NSW, NT, QLD, northwest VIC) collected mainly from inland regions. Breeds in vegetated groundpools. Similar in appearance to Culex orbostiensis. Rarely bites humans and vector status is unknown. (Photo).

Culex edwardsi: (NSW, QLD) adults are similar to Culex annulirostris. Larvae breed in grassy swampy areas in coastal regions. It tends not to bite humans and thus is unlikely to be involved in the transmission of viruses. (Photo).

Culex fergusoni: (NSW, southern QLD, SA, TAS, VIC) a relatively rarely collected mosquito from coastal areas. Breeds in goundpools and rockpools. Vector/pest status is unknown, but it is not likely a significant vector. (Photo).

Culex globocoxitus: (NSW, southwestern QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA) very rarely collected in most of NSW, although regularly captured in Wentworth in the far south west of the state. The larvae have been found in swamps and groundpools. Similar in appearance to Culex australicus. Not likely to be an important vector because it rarely bites humans. (Photo).

Culex halifaxii: (NSW, NT, QLD) a large brownish mosquito, which breeds in a variety of habitats in association with other mosquito species as the larval stage is predacious on other mosquito larvae. Vector status is not known and it rarely bites humans. (Photo).

Culex molestus: (NSW, TAS, VIC) see "Culex molestus" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Culex orbostiensis: (NSW, QLD, TAS, VIC) breeds in vegetated groundpools in coastal regions. Similar in appearance to Culex cylindricus. Uncommonly bites humans. Vector status unknown.

Culex palpalis: (NSW, NT, QLD) adults are similar to Culex annulirostris. Larvae are associated with surface aquatic plants. Kunjin has been isolated from this species in Qld, but is unlikely be a significant vector in southern Australia.

Culex postspiraculosus: (NSW, QLD, VIC) the larvae are found in vegetated groundpools. Vector status unknown, not known to attack humans. (Photo).

Culex pseudomelanoconia: (NSW, QLD, VIC) a dark species that does not have any banding on the abdomen. Found in still baclwater of flowing streams. Rarely bites human and not very often collected. Vector status unknown.

Culex quinquefasciatus: (NSW, NT, QLD, SA, VIC, WA) see "Culex quinquefasciatus" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Culex sitiens: (NSW, NT, QLD, northern WA) a serious pest in some coastal areas of northern NSW, as well as QLD, NT and WA. Typically breeds in brackish pools formed by high tides and rainfall. It generally does not move very far from the breeding sites and, although shown to be able to transmit Ross River in the laboratory, is thought not to be an important vector. (Photo).

Culex squamosus: (NSW, NT, QLD, WA) more common in northern areas of Australia. Breeds in a variety of goundpools in association with filamentous algae. Tends not to bite humans. Kunjin has been isolated from this species in Qld, but it is unlikely be a serious vector in NSW due to its low numbers.

Culex sp. Marks’ no. 32: (NSW, NT, QLD) adults are similar to Culex annulirostris and it is occasionally collected from various coastal regions of the state. Tends to breed in groundpools with edge vegetation. Vector/pest status unknown. (Photo).

Culiseta antipodea: (NSW, QLD, VIC) a very dark mosquito that is not often collected in traps. Breeds in tea tree swamps and semi-permanent pools. This species does not attack humans.

Culiseta inconspicua: (NSW, SA, TAS, VIC) breeds mainly in shaded ground pools. Rarely bites humans and vector status unknown. (Photo).

Culiseta weindorferi: (TAS) little is known of this species ecology. It has been reported to occasionally bite humans. This species is adapted to cold conditions. Vector status unknown.

Mansonia uniformis: (NSW, NT, QLD, northern VIC, northern WA) see "Mansonia uniformis" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Mimomyia elegans: (NSW, NT, QLD) found occasionally in a variety of vegetated groundpools. Not known to bite human and thus unlikely to be a vector of concern. (Photo).

Toxorhynchites speciosus: (NSW, NT, QLD) see "Toxorhynchites speciosus" Fact Sheet. (Photo).

Tripteroides atripes: (all states) collected occasionally from both inland and coastal regions, this species breeds in both natural (tree hole) and artificial containers. Can be a nuisance pest in some rural areas, but vector status unknown. (Photo).

Tripteroides magnesiana: (NT, QLD) a small attractive tropical mosquito which breeds in treeholes. The adults will bite humans although it is not known to transmit any agent of disease. (Photo).

Tripteroides marksae: (NSW, QLD, VIC) a smallish mosquito with a very long proboscis. Larvae breed in both natural and artificial containers. Adults are known to attack humans but rarely are they considered a serious pest. Vector status unknown. 

Tripteroides tasmaniensis: (NSW, southeast QLD, SA, TAS, VIC) an uncommon species that breeds in natural and artificial containers. Adults are known to attack humans, mostly during the day, but rarely are they considered a serious pest. Vector status unknown. (Photo).

Uranotaenia lateralis: (NSW, NT, QLD) a small rare species, that breeds in a variety of habitats. Not known to bite humans (probably feed mostly on frogs) and or transmit human viruses.(Photo).

Uranotaenia pygmaea: (NSW, QLD) a very small and rarely collected mosquito. These mosquitoes bite frogs and thus pose no direct concern to humans. (Photo).

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